Glossary – C


C.C ( Construction Certificate):
Your green light to commence works. Provided by Council or Private Certifier.

Cathedral ceiling: 
Where the ceiling is pitched to follow the line of the roof support timbers. These support timbers may be lined or left exposed.

Cavity: 
The space between the internal and external skin of a wall structure

Ceiling: 
The top or overhead portion of a room or building

Ceiling Joists:
A member spanning between walls or other supports which carries the ceiling load below but not the floor load above.

Cement Mortar:
A mixture which acts as a bonding agent between masonry components

Cement render: 
A wall finish where cement mortar is plastered onto a wall surface. May have a smooth or textured finish.


Certificate of Title: 

Document issued by the Land Titles Office that confirms your ownership of the land. Required as evidence of land ownership.

Collar Tie:
A timber member tying a pair of rafters together, usually placed horizontally midway between the wall plate and the ridge.

Colonial Bond:
Five courses of stretchers, followed by one course of headers, in a double thickness brick wall

Colonnade: 
Series of columns with entablature

Column: 
A free standing vertical load bearing member usually of stone, brick, timber or pre-cast concrete

Concentrated Load:
The load applied to a specific area of a structural member

Construction joint: 
A joint provided in a structural element to allow for movement in the structure due to expansion, contraction or settlement.

Consultants:
Generally professionally trained people with skills in architecture, structural and civil engineering, landscaping, services engineering (hydraulical, electrical, mechanical) surveying or other technical areas of knowledge

Contract:
An agreement entered into between two or more parties whereby legal obligations are created. In a building contract, one or more parties agree to perform specified services for the other party.

Cornices:
Moulding fixed to the junctions of walls and ceiling

Councils:
The local government authority with responsibility for administering building codes and assessing and approving development in its local area by means of development and building approvals

Course step down:
The stepped down edge of concrete slab on which the outer brick wall rests

Cut and fill: 
The method often used to provide a level area on a sloping site, where part of the sloping surface is cut away and used to provide fill on the portion of the slope immediately below it.

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