Glossary – C

C.C ( Construction Certificate):
Your green light to commence works. Provided by Council or Private Certifier.

Cathedral ceiling: 
Where the ceiling is pitched to follow the line of the roof support timbers. These support timbers may be lined or left exposed.

The space between the internal and external skin of a wall structure

The top or overhead portion of a room or building

Ceiling Joists:
A member spanning between walls or other supports which carries the ceiling load below but not the floor load above.

Cement Mortar:
A mixture which acts as a bonding agent between masonry components

Cement render: 
A wall finish where cement mortar is plastered onto a wall surface. May have a smooth or textured finish.

Certificate of Title: 

Document issued by the Land Titles Office that confirms your ownership of the land. Required as evidence of land ownership.

Collar Tie:
A timber member tying a pair of rafters together, usually placed horizontally midway between the wall plate and the ridge.

Colonial Bond:
Five courses of stretchers, followed by one course of headers, in a double thickness brick wall

Series of columns with entablature

A free standing vertical load bearing member usually of stone, brick, timber or pre-cast concrete

Concentrated Load:
The load applied to a specific area of a structural member

Construction joint: 
A joint provided in a structural element to allow for movement in the structure due to expansion, contraction or settlement.

Generally professionally trained people with skills in architecture, structural and civil engineering, landscaping, services engineering (hydraulical, electrical, mechanical) surveying or other technical areas of knowledge

An agreement entered into between two or more parties whereby legal obligations are created. In a building contract, one or more parties agree to perform specified services for the other party.

Moulding fixed to the junctions of walls and ceiling

The local government authority with responsibility for administering building codes and assessing and approving development in its local area by means of development and building approvals

Course step down:
The stepped down edge of concrete slab on which the outer brick wall rests

Cut and fill: 
The method often used to provide a level area on a sloping site, where part of the sloping surface is cut away and used to provide fill on the portion of the slope immediately below it.