Glossary – P


P.A.: 
A Provisional Allowance in a quote or tender is the sum designed to relate to a particular item of work, the cost of which is difficult to estimate. This can be varied up or down by the builder.

P.C.s: 
“Prime Cost” items. Relates to the costs of particular items allowed for in a tender or quotation. Usually associated with items such as baths, toilets, stoves, kitchen appliances etc.

Packing batten:
A timber batten or strip placed between a structural section and a facing material to maintain a perpendicular or level surface.

Pad Footing:
An isolated footing, usually concrete, used to spread a concentrated load from a pier or column.

Panel lift doors: 
Generally a segmented Garage Door made of several ‘flat’ panels.

Pediment:
Projecting triangular gable over an entrance, door or window; or forming the gable end of a roof.

Peg off-set: 
The distance from the house to the surveyors boundary pegs.

Permeable:
For moisture to be able to penetrate, pass through or saturate.

Pest Treatment:
Treatments to the underside of the slab, around the perimeter of the slab and to the lower portion of the timber frame. Designed to prevent the intrusion of termites.

Piering: 
Columns of concrete usually poured into drilled holes in the ground, on which the concrete slab will rest. This ensures that the slab is ultimately supported on ground sufficiently solid to support the weight of the home. The size and extent is determined by a Civil Engineer.

Pier and Beam Footing:
A reinforced concrete beam spanning between piers or rock foundations.

Pitch: 
The angle of a sloping roof, usually expressed in degrees (eg. 27 degree pitch)

Pitched Roof:
A common type of roof, usually with two slopes of more than 15 degrees meeting at a central ridge

Plate:
A Horizontal member, usually laid flat and supported through its length.

Plaster:
A mixture of lime or cement and sand used to cover walls or ceilings.

Plumb: 
Vertical and even; 90 degrees to level

Pointing:
The filling of joints in between brickwork or masonry units

Porch:
Covered approach to the entrance of a building

Portico:
Colonnade, roof supported by columns at regular intervals, usually attached to a building.

Post:
A column supporting a structure; such as a floor beam, or a veranda beam

Principal Certifying Authority (PCA):
Is the authority appointed to monitor the progress of works and to ensure completion in accordance with the Approval Certificate and the Building Code of Australia. Council or a private accredited certifier can act as a PCA.

Principal Living area:
Is the living room currently benefiting from the most solar access during mid winter

Private Accredited Certifier (PAC):
A Private Accredited Certifier can act as the principal certifying authority on the construction works.

Private open space:
An outdoor area of land or dwelling for the exclusive use of the occupants.

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